Amateur radio is a
community of people that use radio transmitters and receivers to
communicate with other Amateur radio operators. The things that
amateur radio operators do with their radios are as
the people themselves.
operators are often called ham radio operators or simply "hams".
Radio is both a Hobby activity and Service. It is an activity of Self
Learning, Inter-Communication & Technical Investigation carried on the
duly authorized persons (i.e. Amateur Radio Operators) for a personal
aim and without pecuniary interest. There are over 30 lakh people all
over the world who pursue this activity in their free time, in India
we have around 15000 amateur radio operators.
Operators have to qualify in an examination conducted by Ministry of
Communications & IT, Government of India and obtain license for
operating / possessing a Radio Station.
Things you can to do with amateur
operators in their free time use their radio stations and conduct
two-way communication and exchange cultural, personal, technical
information with other amateurs not only within India but all over the
world. The two-way communications using Radio Transmitters, receivers,
antennae can be either through Voice, Morse Code, Digital (Video
& Data) or through Satellites.
•HF radios hams
can talk to other hams in literally any part of the globe.
•VHF and UHF
transceivers hams enjoy extremely reliable communications within their
Communicating with "very low power" is a challenge that many hams
enjoy. QRP is usually practiced on the HF bands.
are several Digital Amateur Radio communication techniques that allow
Hams to exchange text messages, send emails or even connect to
Television - It's just like real television because it is real
•Slow Scan TV -
Send pictures around the world for little or no cost.
•Contests - You
can put your radio operating skills up against other hams and teams of
other volunteer services - Floods, landslides,
cyclones, accidents (Rail / Road / Air).
When ever `normal' communications go out, hams are ready to use their
radios to provide emergency communication services to their
communications - Hams
operate using their own
world wide communication using Walkie-Talkies or Base Stations.
Asst. Wireless Adviser to Government of India
Ministry of Communications & Information Technology
Department of Telecommunications
Wireless Planning & Coordination Wing
6th Floor, Sanchar Bhavan, 20 Ashoka Road
New Delhi 110001, India
How to become a Ham?
Any individual above the age of 12 can
became a ham in India after qualifying in Amateur Station Operators
Officer-In-Charge, Wireless Monitoring Station, Dept. of
Telecommunication under Ministry of Communication & Information
Technology, Govt. of India is the authority for conducting the
examination in their own town provided there are sufficient number of
There are 2 grades of licences:
Restricted Grade -Permitting
use of Medium power.
(1 hour exam)
Grade - Permitting use of
Higher power. (2 hour exam)
The syllabus consists of Basic
Electronics and Communication Procedure and the exam is of objective
o qualify in General Grade one
must qualify in
Morse Code at 8 words per minute.
It takes just
a few weeks training to become eligible for the examination.
knowledge can be obtained by purchasing study manuals, books on Morse
Code from NIAR. There are many ways to go about preparing for
and taking your ham radio license test.
•Self-study - Collect the study material
and try to learn it yourself. Lot of information is available on
internet now a days.
•Local clubs - For those that like a
structured approach, many clubs organize classes to prepare people for
their ham radio license test.
The exam fee is Rs. 100 per grade
Amateur Radio licences are issued after
clearance by Home Ministry, Govt. of India.
The licence fee for 20 years is
Rs.1000/- and Rs.2000/- for life time
Operating An Amateur
Amateur Radio Transceivers can be made
by enthusiasts with locally available components. Several Hams have
come up with their circuit design, PCBs and construction of low cost
Amateur Radio equipment.
There are several International brands
that sell their Amateur Radio equipment in India with network chain of
dealers. You could buy any equipment that fits in your budget from
these dealers. The prices ranges widely from model, make,
manufacturer and features. Some popular brands are Kenwood, Icom,
Yaesu, Alinco etc.
Amateur Radio equipments are on sale at
Hamfests and at other get together of Hams.
Licenced Hams in Hyderabad can operate
from the club station located at National Institute of Amateur Radio.